November 23, 2017

OPERATION: HEALTH-STORM PT. 4: CHAGA – KING OF PLANTS: Mushroom of Immortality, Diamond of the Forest “Most Powerful Antioxidant Yet Found!” – T.D.P. The Health Wars

chaga4

Chaga Mushroom (Inonotus Obliquus)

The A, B, C’s Of Good Health and Longevity
A) Anti-Oxidants
B) B-Vitamin’s
C) Chromogenic Complex (DNA and Cellular Protection – Longevity)

Some trees live as long as 10,000 years or more. Thus, they are the most powerful living beings in the world. Concentrating this power, Chaga contains numerous:

* Antioxidants: Chaga is second only to cacao in antioxidants of any whole food or herb in the world (excluding powders)

* B vitamins, flavonoids, phenols, minerals, and enzymes.

* High in copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc, and iron.

* Chromogenic Complex (DNA and Cellular) is highly protective for all tissues and is only found in chaga. “40 percent reduction of DNA mutation.”

* Higher levels of cell-protective antioxidants than other medicinal mushrooms.

* Superoxide Dismutase (SOD): Halts oxidation, especially the toxicity of a free radical known as Singlet Oxygen. This is the type of oxygen which is responsible for oxidizing and damaging the tissues, which results in aging.

* Protects against and kills cancer

* Helps protect against prostate, breast, ovarian, cervical, lung, stomach, spleen, brain and thymus cancers… and also leukemia, melanoma, and lymphoma.

* Anti-HIV 1: Disrupts assembly and budding of the HIV-1 virus and viral fusion to the cell membrane.

* Polysaccharides (beta glucans, protein-bound xylogalactoglucans, etc.)

* Melanin: Chaga is the best source of this nutrient found in Nature.

* Triterpenes

* Betulin, betulinic acid, and lupeol

* Trace Minerals: Contains antimony, barium, bismuth, boron, chromium, copper, germanium, manganese, selenium, and zinc

* Major Minerals: Contains calcium, cesium (highly alkaline), iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, rubidium (highly alkaline), silicon, and sulfur

* Vitamins: B2, D2

** Chaga’s Nutrients: Data from research conducted at facilities all over the world, indicates that Chaga contains a full assortment of nutrients.

**** CLINICAL SUMMARY: Main Therapeutic Applications ****
– Anti-Cancer
– Anti-viral (anti-disease)
– Anti-oxidant (DNA, Cellular protection – Longevity)

* Key Component – Betulinic acid derivatives

Chaga (Inonotus obliquus) is a mushroom that grows, over a long period of time, in cold environments around the world. Though it grows naturally in the northernmost parts of the United States, it is relatively uncommon in its use as a healing plant.

In Europe, however, it has been used as a folk medicine for many years. Research shows that, in reality (and like many fungi), Chaga is not a medicine as much as it is a preventative measure – the unique properties of Chaga make it ideal when used as a general supplement to a healthy lifestyle, as it supports the body and fends off disease.

NOTE: Tree mushroom allergies are rare and Chaga is generally considered hypo-allergenic.

*

Chaga Betulin Birch

“King of Plants”

“Mushroom of Immortality”

“Diamond of the Forest”

“King of Herbs”

“King of Mushrooms”

“A Russian State Secret”

— And Modern Science Calls it “The
Most Powerful Antioxidant Yet Found!”

Known by the Siberians as the “Mushroom of Immortality,” this vibrant growth has been used by humans to support health for thousands of years.

The Japanese call it “The Diamond of the Forest,” while the Chinese deem it “King of Plants.” For the Chinese that is saying a lot, since they have an immense history with countless plants.

Rather than soft like a mushroom, chaga is hard, almost as hard as wood. It is unique, nothing like common mushrooms. In fact, chaga is the most nutritionally dense of all tree growths.

Despite this exceptional status, most Americans are unaware of it.

To survive in harsh climates, chaga concentrates natural compounds for its protection, and that is why it is so powerful. To strengthen the tree, as well as heal, it makes potent phytochemicals, including sterols, phenols, and enzymes.

Researchers have inoculated sick trees with chaga to strengthen them. People benefit by consuming these forest-source phytochemicals and nutrients.

* Nutrient dense

Chaga is powerful, because it contains the nutrients—the force of actual trees. Because of their special, biologically potent substances, trees live long, far longer than herbs. Some trees live as long as 10,000 years or more. Thus, they are the most powerful living beings in the world. Concentrating this power, chaga contains numerous B vitamins, flavonoids, phenols, minerals, and enzymes.

It is also one of the world’s densest sources of pantothenic acid, and this vitamin is needed by the adrenal glands as well as digestive organs. It also contains riboflavin and niacin in significant amounts. In particular, it is highly rich in special phenols which are pigment-like. These phenolic compounds are known as chromogenic complex. Chaga can be up to 30% chromogenic complex by weight.

The chromogenic complex is highly protective for all tissues and is only found in chaga. In the cream base this chromogenic complex is hightly protective of the skin. Rubbed on the skin it even helps people develop a tan, because it contains the pigment melanin, the same pigment responsible for dark-colored skin. Chaga contains wild-source minerals and is particularly high in copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc, and iron.

Yet, its most potent ingredient is a special substance known as superoxide dismutase (SOD). This is an enzyme with great potency. Its function is to halt oxidation, especially the toxicity of a free radical known as singlet oxygen. This is the type of oxygen which is responsible for oxidizing and damaging the tissues, which results in aging.

It is the same oxygen which rusts a nail. SOD blocks this damage by quenching the singlet oxygen free radical. The SOD content per gram of chaga is exceedingly high and accounts for many of its historical powers.

chaga powder images

Ancient Chinese regarded it as a longevity factor

Yet, here is the main thing you need to know. Chaga is a health food which supports the entire system. The Siberians drink it daily. This is why they are long-lived. The chaga drinker lives 85 to 100 years, while the non chaga-drinking person, the Inuit, lives only about 50 years.

This proves that natural phytochemicals, the ones found in chaga, do make a difference. Yet, there is more traditional use that offers evidence. Ancient Chinese regarded it as a longevity factor, which is why they deemed it the most complete of all growths. Japanese and Koreans use it regularly, and look how powerful they are today. In much of Siberia, Russia, and Eastern Europe it is an essential beverage.

While the U.S. government restricts medical claims, here is what can be said: chaga has been used as an essential whole food supplement for many years by Russia’s long-lived peasants, as well as long-lived villagers of Japan and Korea.

These village people consume it as a daily beverage. They prefer it over common drinks such as tea and coffee. Because of its cleansing properties, in primitive Siberia the chaga drink was known as “soup water,” although its taste is a pleasant combination of tea and coffee.

Chaga is validated by Moscow’s Medical Academy of Science

In his book The Cancer Ward Alexander Solzhenitzyn wrote about the health benefits of chaga. His character in the novel took it with positive results. Regardless, chaga was then validated by Moscow’s Medical Academy of Science, 1955, and was extensively used by the public.

It is one of Russia’s state secrets for power and strength and was heavily used by champion Russian athletes, who defeated all others, including the best teams America could offer. So, the Russians, Siberians, Poles, Romanians, Koreans, Japanese, and Chinese all use it.

This alone shows the importance for Americans regarding this essential whole food. Here is what the Russians discovered. They determined that certain plants help your body fight the effects of stress and disease. They called these plants adaptogens.

They discovered that chaga is the most potent adaptogen known. This is why it is the basis for the fight against premature aging and for prevention of serious diseases. Now you too can experience the health benefits of wild chaga, the plant responsible for the exceptional health and long life of the Siberian tribes-people.

Wild chaga was found to be the most powerful adaptogen

Since the 1950s the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), in conjunction with approximately 1,200 prominent scientists, conducted over 3,000 experiments involving 500,000 people to study the effects of adaptogens. An adaptogen is a substance which modifies the human body’s response to stress. The results of these studies were a protected Soviet secret for 40 years.

The Soviet government commanded athletes, astronauts and other Soviet elite to take adaptogens on a daily basis to improve physical and mental work capacity. One of these adaptogens was chaga. In fact, of all these adaptogens, chaga was found to be the most powerful. It is now believed that up to 80% of all diseases are mainly due to stress.

Chaga is available in several forms, including: liquid drops, tea’s, pills, caplet’s, capsule’s, powder, etc.

“King of Herbs,”
“Mushroom of Immortality,”
“Diamond of the Forest,”
“King of Plants,” says it all!

http://self-realisation.com/auto-didactic/the-king-of-plants/

*******************

Chaga (Inonotus obliquus) Mushroom

Chaga (Inonotus obliquus) Mushroom

The Chinese Single This Out as the “King of Plants”

— And Modern Science Calls it the
Most Powerful Antioxidant Yet Found

It’s nearly as hard as wood, resembles a lump of coal, and has the highest antioxidant value of any food on earth, as measured by the ORAC scale.

The Japanese call it the “Diamond of the Forest”… the Siberians have bestowed on it the dual accolades of “Gift from God” and the “Mushroom of Immortality”… and the Chinese dub it the “King of Plants” (despite their centuries-long love affair with an amazing number of medicinal plants).

Still, most Americans have never heard of it. In fact, many would associate it with the name of an infection called Chagas disease, not a source of “immortality”…keep reading for more. . .

* It’s a Mushroom — Not a Disease!

Actually, the chaga I’m talking about has nothing at all to do with Chagas disease, which is named for a Dr. Chagas and is caused by a nasty microbe.

Chaga is a non-toxic, parasitic medicinal mushroom with anti-cancer properties. It grows in birch forests in harsh northern latitudes — the kinds of places we associate with freezing to death fast, not “immortality.”

In China, Siberia, Finland, Japan, and Poland, ancient and native peoples have long known about the benefits of chaga.

Older Asians use it for healthy natural balance. It is thought to support the life force or life energy they call chi (also spelled qi and pronounced “chee”). They believe consuming this mushroom extends youthfulness, prolongs life, and enhances immunity.

To get more scientific, chaga (Inonotus obliquus) is unusual among mushrooms. Instead of gills or caps, the chaga has pores. And inside, it’s a brownish-yellow cork-like mass with beige veins. Its use has been documented in the oldest surviving official list of medicinal substances — the Chinese book Sennong Ben Cao Jing, which is 2300 years old.

Call it folk medicine or traditional medicine if you will, but modern science suggests the ancients were on to an amazing secret.

* A wealth of phytonutrients in one food

Chaga’s potency may be directly linked to the harshness of the climate it grows in. Some people believe its properties arise from the trees it grows on, mostly birch.

Researchers have even inoculated sick trees with it, to make them healthy again. So what might it be able to do for you?

Chaga is a dense powerhouse of 215 potent phytonutrients — including B vitamins, flavonoids, phenols, minerals, and enzymes. It contains one of the world’s densest sources of pantothenic acid, and high amounts of riboflavin and niacin. Pantothenic acid is especially useful for supporting your adrenal glands and digestive organs.

Chaga is also rich in a set of phenolic compounds called chromogenic complex. Don’t let the term scare you. What you need to know is that it protects your tissues and skin. And it’s only found in chaga.

Looking for a great natural source of minerals? Chaga shines here too. It is especially high in copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc, and iron.

One of the biggest claims made for chaga is that it’s rich in a special substance called superoxide dismutase (SOD), which is available from very few sources.

SOD is a very potent enzyme that can stop oxidation in its tracks — especially the most dangerous type of free radical, called singlet oxygen, that causes rapid aging. (This is the same oxygen that makes nails rusty.)

Your body can make its own SOD — but by about the age of 30 your own levels may drop substantially. (Learn more about SOD in Issue #92.)

Chaga contains extremely high levels of SOD (about 10,000 to 20,000 active SOD units per gram). Generally, SOD taken by mouth is destroyed by stomach acid and the nutrient doesn’t make it into the blood and tissues, but chaga’s advocates believe the mushroom does deliver SOD to the body.

Besides SOD, chaga is the richest known source of polysaccharides, botulin and betulinic acid — and delivers them in a whole-food, bioavailable form.

* The Soviets declared chaga a national secret

** Nobel laureate Alexander Solzhenitzyn is credited with informing the West about the health benefits of chaga in his book The Cancer Ward — where his character in the novel took it and was cured.

In the 1950s, chaga was endorsed by Moscow’s Medical Academy of Science, and was widely used by their public. During these years, 1,200 of their most prominent scientists conducted more than 3,000 experiments involving 500,000 people to study the effects of adaptogens.

An adaptogen is a substance that has the ability to reduce your body’s negative response to stress. Many studies suggest that up to 80 percent of ALL diseases have a root link to stress. So adaptogens can be critical to your health.

The findings from the Soviet research became a protected national secret for 40 years… one of the secrets behind the physical strength and power of people fortunate enough to get chaga, including cosmonauts and other members of the Soviet elite.

Russia fed its elite athletes chaga. And they were famously dominant in international competitions for decades.

* A secret of Chinese longevity

* Chaga is a health food that can support your entire system.

The ancient Chinese held that it was a longevity factor. That’s why they consider it the most complete of all foods.

In much of Siberia, Russia, and Eastern Europe it’s considered an essential daily beverage, said to add years to lives of those who use it.

Many Japanese and Koreans reportedly prefer chaga to tea and coffee, because of its cleansing and adaptogenic factors. Some people describe its flavor as between tea and coffee.

** Protects against and kills cancer

Chaga is a natural cancer fighter — possibly thanks to betulinic acid. It prevents cancer from developing, and kills cancer cells without collateral damage to your healthy cells.

It is thought to work by indirectly activating various immune responses to cancer in your body that help kill cancer cells.

* Chaga is also rich in beta glucans, which help support your immune system. Beta glucans allow your immune cells to identify cancer cells and deformed cells as “non-self”.1 This enables the immune cells to go on the attack against them. Under normal circumstances, cancer cells are coated with a protein that masks them to immune cells, so the immune system has trouble identifying them.

* Chaga is known to help protect against prostate, breast, ovarian, cervical, lung, stomach, spleen, brain and thymus cancers… and also leukemia, melanoma, and lymphoma. I’d call it an all-around cancer preventative.

* Research in Seoul, South Korea2 found that chaga protects your cells from DNA mutations in the face of oxidative stress. In fact, chaga-treated cells experienced a whopping 40 percent reduction of DNA mutation, versus untreated cells.

* The Japanese discovered that chaga offers higher levels of cell-protective antioxidants than other medicinal mushrooms in their study.

That’s not to say you shouldn’t eat a variety of medicinal mushrooms. You can discover more about the health benefits of beta glucans, which we reported on in Issue #177 and about the merits of maitake mushrooms in Issue #220.

As you probably know, radiation exposure can do irreparable DNA damage. But some research indicates that chaga can reduce radiation-related toxicity.

And wouldn’t you know… Big Pharma wants in the game, now that these anti-cancer properties have come to light. Chaga is now being studied for use as a chemotherapy agent. Someday they’ll probably introduce an “approved” version of chaga, at a very high price.

* Most powerful antioxidant known

The chaga mushroom sits high atop first place on the ORAC scale, a measure of antioxidant levels in your food. Goji berries aren’t even close to chaga, yet they get more attention.

Besides being an antioxidant, chaga is known for its anti-cancer, anti-viral, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties.

There’s one other benefit for you, if you’re insulin resistant or have type 2 diabetes… Chaga can help normalize your metabolism, which can provide a cascade of other health benefits. (See section on Warnings if you’re on diabetic medication.)

Oh… and the Russians managed to formulate a joint cream out of chaga. Tiny microcapsules allow chaga ingredients to easily penetrate the skin and soothe your joints. The topical remedy is said to relieve pain, end muscle spasms, stimulate toxic and salt removal from the joint, and slow cartilage deterioration.

** Two warnings before you use chaga

Chaga has been used without problems for thousands of years.

But given today’s culture where millions are on pharmaceutical drugs, you should be aware of two possible drug interactions. If you’re not on these drugs, everything we’ve found suggests clear sailing.

** Chaga magnifies the effects of anti-clotting drugs like aspirin and warfarin (so-called blood thinners). So if you’re on those, consult with your doctor before using chaga. A wide range of supplements are blood thinners, including fish oil and digestive enzymes, so this is not a big deal.

If your doctor is cooperative, he should be willing to let you reduce or possibly even eliminate the pharmaceutical blood thinner because the natural supplement will do the job.

** Chaga also interacts with diabetes medications like insulin. It thereby raises your risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and could send your blood sugar levels into free fall.
What’s the best form of chaga?
(There are many choices)

* Chaga is bitter, so it’s a bit tricky to find a way to enjoy it. But here are some ideas for you.

Use raw chaga drops under your tongue.

Enjoy a chaga birch bark tea. There are some that include milk and cinnamon. You can even enhance it with a teaspoon of raw honey and organic chocolate powder or a small square of organic chocolate bar.

Some people enjoy adding chai tea to their chaga.

Chaga is available as a face or body cream.

Take it as a supplement, preferably made from mushrooms harvested the natural way and not lab-grown.

* Attempts to cultivate chaga reportedly yield a product that’s doesn’t have the same biological composition as the wild product.

The original chaga is truly wild — and free of chemicals and solvents.

http://www.cancerdefeated.com/the-chinese-single-this-out-as-the-king-of-plants/1246/

Chaga Mushroom Extract Powder - Siberia

Chaga Mushroom Extract Powder – Siberia

Chaga (Inonotus obliquus mushroom) Information

chaga wild

Wild Chaga Inonotus obliquus mushroom

Japanese name – Kabanoanatake

Chinese name – Bai Hua Rong

English name – Chaga

I. obliquus grows widely in the forests of Eastern Europe and Russia on several trees, including birch, alder and spruce, where it appears as a sterile growth or conk on the trunk of the tree. The fruiting body is reported to be found growing nearby but is extremely rare in nature.

Traditionally only the I. obliquus growing on birch trees was used, as a tea in the treatment of cancers including inoperable breast cancer, hip, gastric, parotid, pulmonary, stomach, skin, rectal and Hodgkins disease1 and I. obliquus is recorded as a miraculous cure for cancer in Solzhenitsyn’s semi-autobiographical 1967 novel, the “Cancer Ward”.

The wisdom of using birch grown I. obliquus is supported by the finding that one of its key components is the triterpene betulinic acid, which occurs naturally in a number of plants but primarily in the bark of the white birch (Betula pubescens – seen as the tree of life and fertility in many Eastern European and Siberian myths) from which it gets its name. I. obliquus growing on the birch trees takes up high concentrations of betulinic acid from the bark of the trees, making it and its derivatives available in an absorbable form.

Betulinic acid has been shown to induce mitochondrial apoptosis in different cancer cell lines and inhibit the enzyme topoisomerase2, which is essential for the unwinding and winding of the DNA strands in cell replication. In addition it possesses anti-retroviral, anti-parasitic and anti-inflammatory properties.

It is currently being developed as an anti-cancer agent through the Rapid Access to Intervention Development program of the US National Cancer Institute and is also a major contributor to the anti-cancer action of mistletoe4.

Other important components of I. obliquus include polysaccharides and sterols. Its high phenolic content gives it exceptional antioxidant properties and a melanin complex has also been identified as having significant antioxidant and genoprotective properties 5,6.

Widely used in Poland and Russia as a folk remedy against cancer7, I. obliquus is now attracting increasing interest among practitioners with its combination of immune supporting polysaccharides and components with direct anti-cancer activity, especially betulinic acid derivatives.

In vitro studies on betulinic acid have shown it to be highly effective against a wide variety of cancer cells: human melanoma, neuroectodermal (neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, Ewing’s sarcoma” and malignant brain tumours, ovarian cancer, human leukaemia HL-60 cells and malignant head and neck squamous cell cancers, including those derived from therapy-resistant and refractory tumours.

However, it was found to have no effect on epithelial tumours, such as breast cancer, colon cancer, small cell lung cancer and renal cell cancer as well as T-cell leukaemia cells. Its anti-tumour activity has been related to its direct effects on mitochondria and induction of apoptosis, irrespective of cells p53 status10.

Clinically betulinic acid’s action against brain cancer cells is particularly interesting and it is noteworthy that in one study it exerted cytotoxic activity against primary tumour cells cultured from patients in 4 of 4 medulloblastoma-tumour samples tested and in 20 of 24 glioblastoma-tumour samples11.

It also shows great promise in combination with radiotherapy, exhibiting a strictly additive mode of growth inhibition in combination with radiation in human melanoma cells in one study and acting as a radiosensitizer in head and neck squamous cell cancers in another12,13.

In vivo studies confirm its anti-cancer action as well as a complete absence of systemic toxicity in rodents8.

ANTI-VIRAL – I. obliquus has traditionally been used to treat a number of viral conditions and betulinic acid analogs have been shown to disrupt assembly and budding of the HIV-1 virus and viral fusion to the cell membrane9.

CLINICAL SUMMARY

Main Therapeutic Applications – Cancer, Anti-viral, antioxidant

Key Component – Betulinic acid derivatives

http://www.alohamedicinals.com/chaga-gold-inonotus-obliquus.htm?gclid=CNrG_Pq7s8YCFdgQgQodpkIGDQ#.VZB5VRtViko

***

*

What is Chaga? Learn Why It’s a Top Superfood Mushroom

*

***

chaga mushroom Swanson Premium

Swanson Premium

Full Spectrum Chaga Mushroom
Item: SW1385

[ Swanson Premium Full Spectrum Chaga Mushroom ]

Swanson $5.99
Retail $10.99 Save 45%

*

Chaga-Full-Spectrum-Planetary-Herbals-021078106661

Planetary Herbals Chaga Full Spectrum™ — 1000 mg – 60 Tablets

$11.49
Retail $22.50
Save: 48%

[ Planetary Herbals Chaga Full Spectrum™ — 1000 mg – 60 Tablets ]

**

chaga raw bulk $_12

Chaga Pure and Simple – The Way Chaga Should Be
Raw – Bulk

– Ebay $16-$25 Per/Pound – Links Below
NOTE: Limited Quantities

[ $19.60 pd ]

.

[ $20.99 pd ]

.

[ $17.49 pd. ]

**

WHERE TO FIND AND HARVEST CHAGA !

*

How To Clean And Prepare Chaga For Tea – Inonotus obliquus

*

How To Make Chaga Tea – Inonotus obliquus

*

HOW TO MAKE (BLACK) CHAGA TEA

*

The Science Behind Chaga

*

THE UNAFFORDABLE CARE ACT IS AN UNQUALIFIED DISASTER!: Crash And Burn! “Time To Put It Out Of It’s Misery” UPDATE: Even Insured Get Hit With Unexpectedly Large Medical Bills – T.D.P.

Where else can you be Forced to pay for a Debt Based Medical Plan that puts you in debt as soon as you use it, that is the 3rd and 4th leading cause of death in your country, and then…THEY RAISE THE PRICE$!

You get About 1,020,000,000 results (0.66 seconds), if you google “UN-AFFORDABLE CARE ACT PART. 3”. That’s 1.02 Trillion results. 1 Trillion 20 Billion hits, to be exact.

There aren’t that many people on Earth. So yeah, this is a topic people are interested in. Whenever you take money out of people’s pocket’s and give them “Forced” Medical Debt, Deathcare and Rising Prices in return, you have to expect this kind of thing.

crash burn soc

***

THE UNAFFORDABLE CARE ACT IS AN UNQUALIFIED DISASTER

President Obama declared that Affordable Care Act would not add one dime to the national debt. President Obama declared that every family in America would see their annual premiums go down by $2,500. President Obama declared that 30 million uninsured Americans would now be covered.

Does anyone ever get held accountable for their promises in this country?

My annual healthcare costs have risen by an average of 10% per year since the Affordable Care Act was implemented, and I work for a large institution. Millions have lost coverage or have seen their costs double or triple.

The assumptions put forth by the government were bogus, so premiums for the actual Affordable Care Act plans are going up 20% to 50% per year.

No liberal ever mentions the fact that deductibles for the cheapest Affordable Care Act plans run from $5,000 to $10,000. How many middle class people can pay those deductibles?

And the coup de grace. Only 10 million people are signed up for the Affordable Care Act, and most of them had coverage before it came along.

The Affordable Care Act is a disaster and will only get worse as time goes on. The Medicaid system is being swamped and the bankrupt states will become more bankrupt.

Government destroying our lives, a day at a time. So it goes.

Unaffordable-Health-Care-Act

Guest Post by Michael Tanner

As we await the Supreme Court’s decision on subsidies, an interim report. We haven’t heard much about the Affordable Care Act from the media lately (with the exception of Paul Krugman, who slips a paragraph into every other column — regardless of topic — to tell us how well it’s working). It’s as if both supporters and opponents of the health-care law are holding their collective breaths as they wait for the Supreme Court, which is expected to decide any day now whether the law will be able to survive in its current form.

Affordable Care Act opponents have mostly been caucusing behind closed doors trying to decide whether and when to offer an alternative — and how much to offer — should the Court require the law to be implemented as written — that is, without subsidies on federally run exchanges.

The law’s advocates, meanwhile, may have been left speechless by the news that the Affordable Care Act has tied an all-time low for public support, according to the latest Washington Post/ABC News poll. Just 39 percent of registered voters back the law, tying an all-time low last reached in April 2012. Fifty-four percent oppose it, and while that’s not a record, it represents a six-point increase in opposition over the past year.

Or maybe the law’s supporters simply have little response to the ongoing spate of news suggesting that, Krugman notwithstanding, the law is still not working very well. For example, insurance companies have begun submitting their requests for rate increases for 2016, and those requests suggest that premiums could skyrocket next year.

Already we’ve seen requests for increases for individual plans as high as 64.8 percent in Texas, 61 percent in Pennsylvania, 51.6 percent in New Mexico, 36.3 percent in Tennessee, 30.4 percent in Maryland, 25 percent in Oregon, and 19.9 percent in Washington.

Those increases would come on top of premium increases last year that were 24.4 percent above what they would have been without the Affordable Care Act, according to a study from the National Bureau of Economic Research. At the same time, deductibles for the cheapest Affordable Care Act plans now average about $5,180 for individuals and $10,500 for families.

In fairness, those rate-hike requests are just that — requests. State regulators are likely to trim them back, significantly in some cases. And other insurers in those states may be seeking smaller increases. We haven’t seen any data weighting increases by the number of people covered, so we should be careful about overstating the impact.

In addition, many people are insulated from the true cost by the law’s subsidies, which is what makes the upcoming Court decision so important. Still, to recall P. J. O’Rourke’s famous dictum, if we thought health insurance was expensive before, look at it now that it is free.

New evidence also suggests that the Affordable Care Act is struggling to meet its goals for covering the uninsured. According to a report in Investor’s Business Daily, the Obama administration estimates that roughly 10.2 million people have enrolled in Affordable Care Act plans and paid at least one month’s premium. This meets the White House’s revised sign-up goal announced late last year, though it falls below the Congressional Budget Office’s earlier projections.

The CBO had originally projected some 12 million sign-ups through 2015, later lowering that estimate to 11 million. So, while we should recognize that the Affordable Care Act has significantly increased coverage, there clearly is a long way to go.

A very long way, in fact. The CBO still hopes for 21 million enrollees next year, which would mean more than doubling current sign-up levels. Anyone see that happening? But failure to meet those numbers would mean that the Affordable Care Act would continue to flirt with the possibility of an adverse-selection “death spiral,” which could take down the entire insurance market.

Already, insurance companies are warning that exchange enrollment is weighted too heavily toward sicker and older patients. And the Republican Congress is unlikely to renew bailouts designed to protect insurance companies from such adverse selection.

Of course these numbers do not count the nearly 7 million people who signed up for Medicaid because of the Affordable Care Act’s expansion of the program. But given the increasing evidence that Medicaid provides dubious value in terms of health outcomes, how this will affect federal and state budgets remains an open question.

To cite just one example, getting poor people enrolled in Medicaid was supposed to reduce the strain on overburdened emergency rooms, by steering patients toward primary and preventive care. But the low physician-reimbursement rates under Medicaid mean that few physicians will treat Medicaid patients. As a result, emergency-room visits have actually increased under the Affordable Care Act.

Very soon the Supreme Court will rule on the Affordable Care Act subsidies. But for the law as a whole, the verdict is already in. By almost any measure, the Affordable Care Act is a failure.

Read more at: http://www.nationalreview.com/article/419526/report-card-Affordable Care Act-michael-tanner

Posted on 10th June 2015 by Administrator in Economy |Politics |Social Issues

SOURCE: [ theburningplatform.com/2015/06/10/the-unaffordable-care-act-is-an-unqualified-disaster ]

***

Why I’m actually considering going without health insurance for the first time in 20 years.

*

A family of four in Louisville Kentucky had their monthly premium on a high deductible policy from Humana triple from $333 a month to $965 due to the requirements of Obamacare

***
***
***

health care card

Even Insured Consumers Get Hit With Unexpectedly Large Medical Bills
Out-of-network doctors and other loopholes can hike up the price of care.

Having health insurance does not necessarily protect against medical bankruptcy, consumer advocates say.

After Pam Durocher was diagnosed with breast cancer, she searched her insurer’s website for a participating surgeon to do the reconstructive surgery.

Having done her homework, she was stunned to get a $10,000 bill from the surgeon.

“I panicked when I got that bill,” said the 60-year-old retired civil servant who lives near Roseville, Calif.

Like Durocher, many consumers who take pains to research which doctors and hospitals participate in their plans can still end up with huge bills.

Sometimes, that’s because they got incorrect or incomplete information from their insurer or health-care provider. Sometimes, it’s because a physician has multiple offices, and not all are in network, as in Durocher’s case. Sometimes, it’s because a participating hospital relies on out-of-network doctors, including emergency room physicians, anesthesiologists and radiologists.

Consumer advocates say the sheer scope of such problems undermine promises made by proponents of the Affordable Care Act that the law would protect against medical bankruptcy.

“It’s not fair and probably not legal that consumers be left holding the bag when an out-of-network doctor treats them,” said Timothy Jost, a law professor at Washington and Lee University. Jost said it’s a different matter if a consumer knowingly chooses an out-of-network doctor.

Durocher learned only after getting her surgeon’s bill that just one of his two offices participated in her plan and she had chosen the wrong one. She said the doctor’s staff later insisted that they had raised the issue during her initial consultation, but she doesn’t recall that, possibly because she was distracted by her cancer diagnosis.

Adding insult to injury, insurers are not required to count out-of-network charges toward the federal health law’s annual limit on how much of their medical costs patients can be asked to pay out of their own pockets.

Efforts by doctors, hospitals and other health providers to charge patients for bills not covered by their insurers are called “balance billing.” The problem pre-dates the federal health law and has long been among the top complaints filed with state insurance regulators.

Because the issue is complex and pits powerful rivals against one another— among them, hospitals, doctors and insurers— relatively few states have addressed it. What laws do exist are generally limited to specific situations, such as emergency room care, or certain types of insurance plans, such as HMOs.

The federal health law largely sidesteps the issue as well. It says insurers must include coverage for emergency care and not charge policyholders higher copayments for ER services at non-network hospitals, because patients can’t always choose where they go. While the insurer will pay a portion of the bill, in such cases, doctors or hospitals may still bill patients for the difference between that payment and their own charges.

That means that in spite of having insurance, a consumer involved in a car wreck and taken to a non-network hospital might receive additional bills, not just from the hospital, but from the radiologist who read his X-rays, the surgeon who repaired his broken leg and the laboratory that processed his blood tests.

Networks Get Narrower

Advocates believe a growing number of consumers are vulnerable to balance billing as insurance networks grow smaller in the bid to hold down costs.

For example, there were no in-network emergency room physicians or anesthesiologists in some of the hospitals participating in plans offered by three large insurers in Texas in 2013 and 2014, according to a survey of state data by the Center for Public Policy Priorities, a Texas advocacy group.

Smaller networks are also becoming more common in employer-based insurance: About 23 percent of job-based plans had so-called “narrow networks” in 2012, up from 15 percent in 2007, according to a May report from the Urban Institute and Georgetown University Center on Health Insurance Reforms.

To protect consumers, advocacy groups, including Consumers Union and the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, want regulators to strictly limit balance billing when an insured person gets care in a medical facility that is part of an insurer’s network.

“Without protection from balance billing, the cost of out-of-network care can be overwhelming,” wrote Consumers Union in a recent letter to the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), which is updating a model law that states could adopt to regulate insurance networks.

NAIC’S current draft does not directly address the issue of balance billing and consumer efforts have drawn sharp opposition from insurers, hospitals and doctors.

Some states have taken other steps to protect consumers:

Earlier this month, California set out new rules requiring some insurers to provide accurate lists of medical providers in their networks.

New Jersey specifies that insurers guarantee that certain providers be available “within 20 miles or 30 minutes average driving time.”

Colorado insurers must pay non-network medical providers their full charges, not discounted network rates, for care at in-network hospitals.

In Maryland, insurers must pay for “covered services,” which includes emergency care, but the state sets standardized payment rates.

Starting in April, New Yorkers won’t face extra bills for out-of-network emergency care, when an in-network provider is unavailable or when they aren’t told ahead of time that they may be treated by a non-participating provider. Instead, the bills must be settled in arbitration between the providers and the insurance companies.
Cost Trade-Offs

Insurers defend the move to smaller networks of doctors and hospitals as a way to provide the low-cost plans that consumers say they want. Since insurers can no longer reject enrollees with health problems or charge them more, the plans are using the tools left to them to reduce costs.

If regulators required them to fully cover charges by out-of-network doctors, that could reduce “incentives for providers to participate in networks” and make it harder to have adequate networks, America’s Health Insurance Plans, the insurers’ trade group, and the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association wrote in a joint letter to the NAIC.

It would also raise premiums.

Instead, AHIP says, states could require out-of-network doctors to accept a benchmark payment from insurers, perhaps what Medicare pays, rather than balance billing patients.

Physicians, meanwhile, blame insurers for inadequate networks.

“It is the limited coverage, not the physician bill, which is the cause of the unfairness,” the Texas Medical Association wrote to the NAIC.

At the very least, doctors and hospitals say insurers need to do a better job of educating policyholders that their plans may not cover care provided by some doctors and hospitals.

“There’s no ‘free’ anywhere,” said Lee Spangler, vice president of medical economics with the Texas Medical Association. “You either pay for the coverage through premiums, or you pay for service when you receive it.”

Doctors choose whether to balance bill, he added – and some don’t.

But he noted that patients “have received professional services in the expectation that they will get alleviation of what ailed them, and the physicians provided it in the expectation they would be paid. There’s no in between,” Spangler said.

For patients like Durocher, who got billed even after doing everything she was told, the only recourse is to negotiate with the physician or hospital to ask them to lower or drop the charges.

“Fortunately for me,” Durocher said, “this doctor was very nice and wrote off almost $7,000 of the bill.”

How To Protect Yourself From “Balance” Bills
1) Do Your Homework. Check your insurer’s website to verify that the hospital or doctor you want to use is listed, and then call the provider to be sure. Use in-network providers whenever possible. Be aware that some health-care providers may be in-network only at specific offices. Make sure you go to the right one.

2) Be aware you could be billed by an out-of-network doctor even at an in-network hospital. Some plans will cover those costs fully, especially for emergency care, but many do not. When possible, request a network doctor, anesthesiologist or specialist in advance of elective surgery. But accept that it’s not possible once you’re in the hospital to screen every doctor who comes into your room for their network affiliation. If you are billed by a non-network provider, call your plan to find out if it will cover the bill because you were at an in-network hospital.

3) If you get a balance bill, double-check to make sure the doctor or hospital is not part of your network. If they are not in your plan, check with your state insurance regulator to see if there are rules that might protect you, especially in an emergency situation. Ask the doctor or hospital to reconsider. If they won’t, complain to your health plan and whoever regulates it, as well as to your state’s consumer assistance program, if there is one.

4) Negotiate. If there are no plan policies or state rules to prevent the billing, negotiate with the providers to lower their charges to an amount close to what an insurance plan would pay. Your insurer’s website might have pricing information that can help. Websites, such as Fair Health or Health Care Bluebook can also help determine the prices of various procedures.

Feb. 19, 2015 | 11:53 a.m. EST + More
Julie Appleby, Kaiser Health News

REFUEL AMERICA CAMPAIGN PT. 4: The ‘Plastic’ Fuel Alcohol Still ($150 And 5-10 Gallons Per Hour) Free Plans! – “Time To Bury Big Oil!” T.D.P.

alcohol fuel2

The problem with bringing forth Part 4, was that we couldn’t locate an Alcohol Still with a rate of 5-10 GPH, for under $1500 Dollars. The large 4″ Reflux Flue Tower in Copper or Stainless Steel was ‘Cost Prohibitive’.

I had just come up with the ideal of using 4″ Schedule 40 PCV Plastic pipe, cooled by an inner 1/4″ copper coil water line, to keep it below it’s Maximum Operating Temperature of 140 Degrees, and to act as an alcohol separator.

As I was looking online, I found someone had already thought of it and had a working model and instructions on how to build it.

Everything you need, is here!

“Time for the demise of Big Oil. And we now have the ‘Bullet’ To Do It!”

Enjoy!

T.D.P. Admin.

***

Ethanol Production Demonstration

Oct 30, 2008
How to produce ethanol for use as an alternative fuel.
Home, small scale ethanol production.

*

Transcript
1. The Plastic Still Fabrication and Assembly Instructions Prepared by: Jim Baker

***

2. • Basic Design This still is basically a Charles 803 design which produces 190 proof alcohol in one pass. The water/alcohol steam passes through a cooled chamber, the water vapor cools and drops out and the alcohol vapor passes on into a cooling chamber, liquefies and is collected.

• Materials Three inch Schedule 40 PVC pipe is used for the main body. The pipe connecting the upper and lower sections is 1 ½ inch PVC pipe. The feed throughs are ½ inch CPVC which is exactly 7/8 inch OD. CPVC cement or universal cement is used for connections.

Two part white boat epoxy that comes in a stick from Wal-Mart is useful to strengthen feed throughs.

Note: Although the PVC will hold up at the 200F temperatures, it is flexible at that temp. Support the Still so it is not subjected to any bending or squeezing. Note the mounting on the previous photo.

***

3. • Tools The only tools required are: 1. Drill press with a vise. 2. Miter saw 3. Rat tail file 4. Sand Paper 5. 7/8 inch drill bit 6. ¼ inch drill bit 7. 1 7/8 inch hole saw for tube into condenser.

***

4. • Parts The exploded view of the Still shows dimensions and the parts. All of these parts except the marbles can be purchased at Lowe’s or Home Depot.

The marbles were found at Dollar Tree. About 5 bags for $1 each were used. Washer drain hose is great for connecting boiler to still. The hose ID is 7/8 inch.

The steam discharge nozzle should point down and be at the same level as the low proof (water) overflow. Drill enough holes in the outlet cap to equal the area of the ½ “ pipe. Put one hole in the top of the elbow so steam can go upward toward the marbles.

***

5. • Fabrication 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The output side of the still is on the right and the inputs on the left. This avoids interferences. Cut and drill the components first. Drill the 7/8” holes straight into the pipes and adapters. This hole size just fits the ½”CPVC.

Test the fit of the ½ “ tube into a 7/8 “ hole to ensure compatibility. Drill through the 3”x1 ½ “ bottom adapter of the condenser with a 1 7/8” hole saw to allow the 1 ½ “ pipe to pass through. You might try installing a section of 1 ½” pipe directly on the top of the adapter rather than drilling through.

Bevel the end and cement in place. The section of 1 ½ “ tube above the adapter must stay put or the condenser won’t work. Drill through the brass adapters with a ¼” drill.

This is to allow the ¼” tubing to pass through. Trim the SS shower drain plate to fit inside the 3” tube. Wrap copper tubing around a 1 ½ “ pipe to form the coils. Hold the 1 ½ “ tube and go around it with the as purchased coil. Don’t try to start with a straight piece of copper tubing.

Leave at least a 1 foot tail on each end of the coil to go through the top of the sections. Pull the finished coils out to reach bottom of sections. Leave enough space for marbles to pass through the coils in the separator.

***

6. Caution: Do the assembly in order or you can end up with some embarrassing situations.

• Assembly

1. 2. Install ½” CPVC penetrations into the 3” tubes, caps and adapters with cement. Note: do not install the ½” steam inlet tube yet. Steam Inlet: Insert the ½ “ tube through the hole in the coupling and then cement the nozzle onto the inside end.

Push the tube back out and add cement and push back in until nozzle is in the proper place. Add boat epoxy around tube on outside to strengthen connection.

3. Drain Plate: Place the plate about 3” into the bottom of the separator section and then glue in the split ring support to hold it in place. 4. Copper coil in separator: Stretch the coil to reach the plate and with the top coil below the Temperature probe penetration.

The two tails should extend above the top of the 3” tube.

5. Add the marbles up to the top coil and shake into place. Marbles must be on the inside and outside of the coils.

6. 7. 8. 9. Place the 3×1 ½ “adapter over the copper tubing tails and cement the cap in place. Cement the bottom sections in place. Assemble the Condenser section similar to the above procedures. Connect the Condenser to the Separator and finish assembly of the Still.

***

7. Caution: Do the assembly in order or you can end up with some embarrassing situations. • Assembly 1. 2. Install ½” CPVC penetrations into the 3” tubes, caps and adapters with cement. Note: do not install the ½” steam inlet tube yet.

Steam Inlet: Insert the ½ “ tube through the hole in the coupling and then cement the nozzle onto the inside end. Push the tube back out and add cement and push back in until nozzle is in the proper place. Add boat epoxy around tube on outside to strengthen connection.

3. Drain Plate: Place the plate about 3” into the bottom of the separator section and then glue in the split ring support to hold it in place.

4. Copper coil in separator: Stretch the coil to reach the plate and with the top coil below the Temperature probe penetration. The two tails should extend above the top of the 3” tube.

5. Add the marbles up to the top coil and shake into place. Marbles must be on the inside and outside of the coils.

6. 7. 8. 9. Place the 3×1 ½ “adapter over the copper tubing tails and cement the cap in place.

Cement the bottom sections in place. Assemble the Condenser section similar to the above procedures. Connect the Condenser to the Separator and finish assembly of the Still.

*******************************************************************************************************

alcohol make fuel drum

Make Your Own Fuel! Alcohol Fuel Basics

It takes some mechanical aptitude, but you can make your own fuel by fermenting appropriate feed stocks into 96 proof alcohol.
By Richard Freudenberger
April/May 2010

What if there were a fuel that was affordable, renewable, and produced right in your own community? If you’d lived 100 years ago, you would have known all about such a fuel. It was called alcohol, and it was a clean-burning fluid generally sold as lamp fuel. Only recently have we taken a renewed look at alcohol fuel — now more commonly known as ethanol — and its potential as a domestically sourced fuel for transportation.

I’m not here to tell you about the agri-industrial agenda to produce ethanol on a massive scale. What I am going to tell you is how to make your own fuel to use in your vehicle or in other gas engines, such as a motorcycle, tiller, or lawn tractor. You can modify these gas engines to run on straight alcohol (more on engine modifications in “Run Your Car on Ethanol,” below).

If it’s produced on a small-scale, ethanol can be made from grain you grow yourself — or from a wide range of other local and sustainable feedstocks including food waste and crop culls. With a little specialized equipment and know-how, you can turn these materials into alcohol fuel, and it will cost less than you would pay at the pump for gasoline or commercially produced ethanol.

You can produce your own ethanol for an ongoing cost of less than $2 per gallon. If you grow your own corn, you can distill more than 300 gallons of ethanol from 1 acre of corn. If you drive less than 10,000 miles per year, you could produce all your own fuel from 2 acres of corn — and, granted, a lot of labor. In short, when I talk about ethanol, I’m talking about do-it-yourself fuel, and practicing local self-reliance on an individual and community scale.

Why Choose Alcohol Fuel?

One of the strongest arguments for ethanol fuel is that we can make it ourselves, with no dependence on foreign resources. In 1925, Henry Ford told a New York Times reporter that “There’s enough alcohol in one year’s yield of an acre of potatoes to drive the machinery necessary to cultivate the fields for a hundred years.” This self-made businessman recognized the value of the American farm, and more specifically, the importance of domestically sourced materials. He envisioned farms across the country providing the crops needed to make both fuel and food.

Another reason ethanol is such an attractive fuel option is that it’s basically liquid energy. Ethanol is a clear liquid that packs a lot of energy into a usable, storable, and transportable form — only petroleum can compete with ethanol on an energy-per-volume basis. But ethanol has an added benefit in that it’s oxygenated, meaning it has oxygen in its molecular structure, which results in a cleaner burn. Compared to gasoline, ethanol emits about 20 percent less  hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide.

SOURCE: Read more: http://www.motherearthnews.com/renewable-energy/make-your-own-fuel-zmaz10amzraw.aspx#ixzz3EFm1lfcb

*

alcohol ethyl

“Regardless of the inherent differences between gasoline and alcohol, though, the fact is that alcohols make ideal motor fuels. The first practical internal combustion engine – patented by Nikolaus Otto in 1877 – ran on alcohol (gasoline had not been “discovered” yet), and the Model A Ford, produced from 1928 to 1931, was designed to burn a variety of fuels … alcohol being one of them.

In addition, Studebaker trucks built for export in the 1930’s (and various domestic tractors sold both in the U.S. and abroad) were offered with either gasoline or alcohol fuel systems. (Indeed, at the start of the “motorized era”, alcohol was just as common as – if not more so than – fossil fuels. But as time went on, the petroleum industry – which was organized and thus more powerful than the independent, often farm-based alcohol producers – lobbied successfully for the wholesale use of “superior” gasoline fuels.

Strangely enough, in areas where petroleum had to be exclusively imported, or during time of war when gasoline supplies were rationed, alcohol suddenly became an excellent motor fuel again … and was touted as such by the petroleum distributors who were selling it!)

Be that as it may, alcohol has characteristics that make it a natural engine fuel: It has a high “octane” rating, which prevents engine detonation (knock) under load, it burns clean … so clean, in fact, that not only are noxious emissions drastically reduced, but the internal parts of the engine are purged of carbon and gum deposits … which, of course, do not build up as long as alcohol is used as fuel, an alcohol burning engine tends to run cooler than its gasoline-powered counterpart, thus extending engine life and reducing the chance of overheating.”

– The Mother Earth News, 1980: Alcohol as an Engine Fuel
http://journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/ethanol_motherearth/me1.html –

*******

methanol-on-blue-background

Methanol2 CEC

HOW TO MAKE WOOD ALCOHOL (METHYL ALCOHOL/METHANOL FUEL)

This is the easiest Alcohol Fuel to make. It requires only (3) Steps!

1) Add Wood, Wood Chips, Grass, Sawdust or any cellulose from trees or plants to Boiler/Distiller/
2) Heat to 78.3 degrees Celsius(172.94 Fahrenheit), some methods advocate between 178-179 Degrees Fahrenheit.
3) Collect distilled vapor into suitable container.
That’s it. Simple as pie!

*

Instructions
Step 1

Obtain a heat source for your distilling. This could be a fire pit or a propane or natural gas burner. You can also use an electric burner.

Step 2
Mount a large pot over the temperature source. Put a thermometer in the pot to track the temperature of the wood and water mixture. The thermometer will be important for making sure the temperature of the mixture stays at the right level throughout the distillation.

Step 3
Obtain a condenser tube and drill a hole in the lid of your pot that is sized to the tube. A condenser tube is a metal tube that the alcohol travels through as it evaporates. Attach the condenser tube to your lid.

Step 4
Attach the other end of your condenser to an additional pot or bucket that will serve as your holding container. Ensure that this container is covered to prevent the loss of alcohol.

Step 5
Place your wood shavings in to the pot and fill with water. Heat it until you reach 78.3 degrees Celsius and keep it at that temperature. As the wood breaks down, it will release alcohol into the condenser tube and slowly drip down into your holding container. You can distill the alcohol again to improve its purity.

http://www.ehow.com/how_7762993_make-wood-alcohol-through-distillation.html

*

Here is another method that adds sulphuric acid to help the wood break down faster, but is not required.

Wood alcohol is made from sawdust or cellulose from trees or plants. The sawdust is combined with sulphuric acid to create a fermenting process to make the wood alcohol. You can find more information here: http://www.journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/wood_alcohol.html

wood-alcohol

An additional warning is merited. Methanol (Methyl Alcohol) isn’t just “extremely flammible,” it’s also highly toxic to humans and was intentionally added BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT to prohibition-era beverages SPECIFICALLY TO KILL PEOPLE. That sounded totally surreal when I heard it, but apparently it’s true–read all about it:

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2010/02/the_chemists_war.single.html

Per Wikipedia:

Methanol has a high toxicity in humans. If as little as 10 mL of pure methanol is ingested, for example, it can break down into formic acid, which can cause permanent blindness by destruction of the optic nerve, and 30 mL is potentially fatal, although the median lethal dose is typically 100 mL (4 fl oz) (i.e. 1–2 mL/kg body weight of pure methanol). Reference dose for methanol is 0.5 mg/kg/day. Toxic effects take hours to start, and effective antidotes can often prevent permanent damage. Because of its similarities in both appearance and odor to ethanol (the alcohol in beverages), it is difficult to differentiate between the two
*
[ The Chemist’s War:The little-told story of how the U.S. government poisoned alcohol during Prohibition with deadly consequences. ]

*******

alcohol fue l3

How to Make Ethanol Fuel

Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline (petrol). The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline (petrol), although the price typically ends up being higher in the end. By using a combination of everyday food supplies and a few pieces of equipment, you can make your own ethanol fuel. The following is a guide on how to make ethanol fuel.

STEPS:

STEP 1) Obtain legal authorization to produce ethanol.

If you intend to produce ethanol fuel in the United States, complete and submit the following form to the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB): http://www.ttb.gov/forms/f511074.pdf

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-1Bullet1

*

If you intend to produce ethanol fuel elsewhere, request proper instructions on how to legally produce ethanol fuel from the government agency that deals with such issues in your area.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-1Bullet2

*

Confirm that you are legally authorized to produce ethanol fuel before continuing.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-1Bullet3

*

STEP 2: Add fruit to a barrel.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-6

Obtain throwaway fruit from your local grocer or another source. Fruit that is rotten may be used in lieu of edible food.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-6Bullet1

*

Add fruit until the barrel is approximately 1/3 full. It is important to not exceed this amount, as the barrel may overflow during fermentation.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-6Bullet2

*

STEP 3: Mash the fruit with a pole or other blunt object.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-7

*

STEP 4) Add water and yeast to the barrel.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-8

*

Although standard yeast can be used, it is best to use ethanol tolerant yeast from a wine-making supply store.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-8Bullet1-9

*

Add 1 to 2 packets to the barrel.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-8Bullet2

*

STEP 5) Cover the barrel.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-9.0.9

*

STEP 6) Monitor the sugar content of the barrel.

Check the sugar content daily with a hydrometer.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-10Bullet1

*

Over the course of approximately 10 days, the sugar content should reduce gradually until none is left.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-10Bullet2

*

STEP 7) Distill the mixture by using a reflux still, this can be purchased on the Internet.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-11

*

Do this immediately after the sugar is gone from the mixture. Not doing so could allow materials to develop that could ruin your engine.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-11Bullet1

*

Put the mixture into a reflux still.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-11Bullet2

*

Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to complete the distillation process

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-11Bullet3

*

STEP 8) Filter the mixture.

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-12Bullet1

The ethanol that you are left with after the distillation process will still have a minor impurity of water inside of it. To remove this water, you need to use a specialized fuel filter that can filter the water out. These filters are made out of specially-designed fabrics that allow ethanol molecules to pass through while trapping the water.

*

STEP 9) Add gasoline (petrol) to the ethanol (optional).

Depending on your engine type and regulations that apply to ethanol production in your area, add the required amount of gasoline (petrol) to the mixture. A fuel that is commonly produced is E85, which is 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline (petrol).

Make-Ethanol-Fuel-Step-13Bullet1

*

Tips
Ethanol fuel can be used in vehicles, lawnmower, chainsaws, and many other devices that use gasoline (petrol). Before using it, have any necessary alterations made to the vehicle or device to allow it to operate on ethanol.

Warnings
Be sure to add the legally required mixture of gasoline (petrol) to the mixture. Pure ethanol is very similar to moonshine (alcohol) and could get you in significant legal trouble if it is not made properly.

Sources and Citations
http://www.scienceinafrica.co.za/2006/april/lawnmower.htm
http://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/alternative-fuel/4277630
[1]
http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/How_to_Make_Ethanol
http://www.edmunds.com/fuel-economy/e85-vs-gasoline-comparison-test.html
http://thekneeslider.com/archives/2008/05/09/efuel100-microfueler-home-ethanol-micro-refinery/

wikihow.com/Make-Ethanol-Fuel

renewable-energy/make-your-own-fuel

ehow.com/how_7762993_make-wood-alcohol-through-distillation

*


How Ethanol Is Made Animated Feature

**********************************************************************************************************

THE MASH:

*

*

**************************************************************************************************************

FlexFuel E85 bio Ethanol Conversion Kits:

4 cylinder flexfuel E85 bio ethanol conversion kit

4 cylinder flexfuel E85 bio ethanol conversion kit

[ 4 cylinder flexfuel E85 bio ethanol conversion kit – Price:US $139.00 ]

*

[ Google Search: FlexFuel E85 bio Ethanol Conversion Kits + Amazon and Ebay ]

UN-AFFORDABLE CARE ACT PT. 3: PRICE INCREASES! ACA Entering The Jaws Phase

aca cost Going Up

AFFORDABLE CARE ACT ENTERING THE “JAWS” PHASE

The Wall Street Journal is reporting today that Affordable Care Act rates are about to shoot up, in some cases as much as 40%. The rate increases requested by insurance carriers vary state by state, but the overall picture is bad.

“In New Mexico, market leader Health Care Service Corp. is asking for an average jump of 51.6% in premiums for 2016,” the Journal reports. “The biggest insurer in Tennessee, BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee, has requested an average 36.3% increase. In Maryland, market leader CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield wants to raise rates 30.4% across its products. Moda Health, the largest insurer on the Oregon health exchange, seeks an average boost of around 25%.”

Why? Because the young and healthy are not signing up for Obamacare, meaning the people who are covered under Obamacare are older and sicker and much more expensive for the insurance companies.

The Washington Examiner reported today that in Oregon the primary insurance carrier is facing costs (payouts) exceeding premiums (income) by just over 60%. “Moda Health, which serves roughly half of (Oregon’s) individual market, is aiming to raise rates by an average of 25.6 percent. As Jed Graham of Investor’s Business Daily noted, Moda’s costs for 2014 – the first year of Obamacare’s exchanges — exceeded its premiums by 61.5 percent.”

Both the Journal and the Washington Examiner note these startling requests for rate hikes are not showing up in every state. ”

“Anthem Inc., in Virginia, wants an average increase of 13.2%. Blue Care Network, part of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, applied for a 10% average increase,” the Journal reported.

And “In Washington state and Vermont, the market leaders have sought relatively modest average increases, akin to those proposed last year, of 9.6% and 8.4%, respectively. In Indiana and Connecticut, the leading plans want 3.8% and 2% boosts. So far, Maine is the only state where the market leader proposed keeping rates generally flat.”

But where these requests for rate increases are coming in high, they are very high. In Maryland “CareFirst said its monthly claims per member nearly doubled to $391 in 2014 from $197 the year before. Its monthly premium for a 40-year-old nonsmoker in Annapolis with a silver plan would rise to $306 in 2016 from $244.” That’s an approximate 25% premium increase to cover a 100% cost increase.

I’m not an insurance company accountant, but in my world that math does not work.

Originally, insurance companies were promised federal cash to cover losses under a provision of Obamacare called “risk corridors”. It’s not necessary to explain how that mumbo jumbo actually worked because that provision of the law has now expired, which explains why some carriers have jacked rate requests so high.

And all that is separate from the legality of subsidies for people who qualify because of low personal income levels. The Supreme Court of the United States is expected to make a ruling on a challenge to those subsidies in June.

Will the requests for rate increases be approved? Not in all states. But the longer insurance companies have to endure losing money or falling short of even modest profitability, the more likely an individual company will have to face the reality that health insurance is not a suitable business. Fire insurance starts to look like a much better business.

As it is, people in many states have few choices for health insurance, and in some states only one carrier is in the market.

Having admitted I am not an expert in the field of health insurance, I must quickly add that I have ample expertise on what I personally pay. On that I hold a doctorate. And what I see is disaster looming. If carriers in my state want even a midrange hike (19.3 percent to 45.7 percent is the national average, according to the Washington Examiner), I’d be looking at premium increases of approximately $230 per month, raising the premium to just over $1,000 per month.

OK, I’m scared.

Do your own math. How about you?

By John Gibson
Fox News
May 22, 2015

SOURCE: [ foxnews.com/2015/05/22/obamacare-entering-the-jaws-phase/ ]

***
***

Unaffordable-Health-Care-Act

Affordable Care Act premiums are going up. Way up in some cases!

The “Affordable” Care Act may be looking for a new name in the near future. As Fox News and the Wall Street Journal are reporting, the next round of health care premium cost adjustments are coming down the pike, and you’ll never guess where things are heading. Okay… you probably guessed already.

The Wall Street Journal is reporting today that Obamacare rates are about to shoot up, in some cases as much as 40%. The rate increases requested by insurance carriers vary state by state, but the overall picture is bad.

“In New Mexico, market leader Health Care Service Corp. is asking for an average jump of 51.6% in premiums for 2016,” the Journal reports. “The biggest insurer in Tennessee, BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee, has requested an average 36.3% increase. In Maryland, market leader CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield wants to raise rates 30.4% across its products. Moda Health, the largest insurer on the Oregon health exchange, seeks an average boost of around 25%.”

The Washington Examiner reported today that in Oregon the primary insurance carrier is facing costs (payouts) exceeding premiums (income) by just over 60%. “Moda Health, which serves roughly half of (Oregon’s) individual market, is aiming to raise rates by an average of 25.6 percent. As Jed Graham of Investor’s Business Daily noted, Moda’s costs for 2014 – the first year of Obamacare’s exchanges — exceeded its premiums by 61.5 percent.”

Not all of the states are looking at rate increases in that range. Some of them are “only” going to be asking for increases in the ten percent range. But the direction is still consistent, and it isn’t down.

You may recall that during the entire debate in the run up to the passage of Obamacare we were assured that one of the overarching purposes of the legislation was to halt the skyrocketing cost of health insurance, as well as making sure that more people could afford it.

We were told this tale by Nancy Pelosi, though she later seemed to have forgotten saying it. Later, the message was fine tuned a bit and we were told that costs would not rise as quickly. On can only imagine what health insurance would cost in New Mexico without this legislation since they’re looking at a more than fifty percent jump in a single year.

So what’s causing this? The analysts who are already weighing in have concluded that the young and healthy are not signing up. This means that most of the new customers coming into the market are older and sicker and costing the insurance companies more money than the federal government planned to pay them through executive fiat and regulation of a free market system. Who could have possible predicted that, aside from nearly every fiscal conservative writing about it for years on end? It’s a mystery, I tell you.

One of our colleagues at Red State seems to believe that the fix was in long before the ink was dry on this deal.

So insurers accomplish the regulatory capture of our caring and compassionate government. The Unaffordable Care Act allows them to petition for ridiculous rate hikes and thereby make obscene and unjustifiable profits at taxpayer expense. The people getting paid by the insurers watch all of this with a gimlet eye. They see the fat wallets and want their cash-stuffed envelope as well.

Companies like Air Methods then charge the insurers ridiculous rates in line with the ridiculous rates that the insurers will not pay. At that point, these costs get passed to the insured patient who can’t afford them. This is how the Unaffordable Care Act helps make healthcare that much more unaffordable.

Keep in mind that none of this happens in a vacuum. It’s not just those who are signed up through the Obamacare exchanges who will be seeing higher costs. (Assuming that the taxpayer funded subsidies don’t cover the spread, that is.) Even if you have your own insurance or are getting a policy through your employer, the costs are going up. So I guess everything worked out okay in the end, right? We should elect a whole new pack of Democrats to bring more comprehensive reform to our nation’s pressing concerns.

May 23, 2015 by Jazz Shaw

SOURCE: [ your-affordable-care-act-premiums-are-going-up-way-up-in-some-cases/ ]

rsz_shark2

*

Exemptions: [ aca-mandate-exemption-penalty/ ]